Adult speech & language links and resources

Adult speech and language terminology:

  • Aphasia (ay-faze-yuh): a language disorder which can affect speaking, writing, understanding spoken language or reading. (Also known as dysphasia in some parts of the world. In New Zealand the umbrella term aphasia is used most widely).

  • Apraxia (a-prax-see-ya): a motor speech disorder causing difficulties controlling and coordinating the muscles used for speech.

  • Dysarthria (dis-ar-three-ya): a motor speech disorder causing slurred, slowed or unclear speech caused by muscle weakness.

  • Dysphagia (dis-fay-ja): a medical term for swallowing difficulties causing choking, coughing, regurgitation or malnutrition.


Links to information and advice:


Dysphagia - Having difficulty swallowing pills? Read this (click on blue text below to follow link): 

Tips for swallowing pills

Stroke therapy - Wondering when is the best time for stroke rehab? Read this (click on blue text below):

Timely therapy can increase your chance for a better recovery

Aphasia - Watch this video about Australian woman, Rachel's experience of aphasia and recovery (click on blue text below):

Rachel's story

Child speech & language resources and links

Terminology for child speech & language:

  • Articulation - how speech sounds are produced by the coordination of the articulators (teeth, lips, tongue, palate). E.g. to produce a "f' sound we use the the teeth and lips together.

  • Phonology - how speech sounds are used in language. E.g. how sounds are put together to make words

  • Phonological processes - how children simplify sound patterns while they are young and developing their speech sound system. E.g. a young child may say "goggie" instead of "doggie", or "ta" for "car", until they have mastered the correct sounds. These processes are a natural part of speech development. 

  • Phonological delay - when a child continues to use the simplified version of a sound beyond the typical ages of use

  • Phonological awareness - the ability to recognise and manipulate sounds in a language. It is a fundamental building block of literacy/learning to read. E.g. recognising when words rhyme, being able to count syllables in a word, recognising when words start with the same sound.

Stacking Blocks

​Links to resources and websites for child speech & language (click the blue text to go website):

Links to articles and videos:

  • Wondering how to maximise your child's language learning? Click the link to find out

        Your toddler learns 8 new words a day - here's how to maximise that

        Feeding your baby's brain (Brainwave Trust)

        Conversation feeds the brain (research shows benefits 10 years later!)

  • Reading is not only vital for great language learning but is also linked to relationship building and family happiness! Find out more by clicking the blue links below for all the reasons reading is so important:

       Reading is fundamental for family happiness

       Why reading the same story over and over is important

  • Bored of reading Llama llama? try rapping it next time. Watch the video below for some inspo: